The sources people use for information seeking are continually changing with improvements in technology. When the television was introduced it replaced the radio, and since then the number of networks that are relied upon have increased significantly with the expansion of cable network. Recently, the Internet has become increasingly popular as a primary source for information Nie et al. As technology continues to advance, people are becoming more and more reliant on the Internet, specifically social media sites, to provide their informational needs.
These numbers are most likely much higher now than when the study was conducted in , considering social media has become increasingly popular over the years. These changes are noteworthy, especially because a study by Nie et. Freelancers can collaborate with managers and employees through project management platforms, without any one-on-one interaction. The cost savings by using contractors adds up as companies save time and effort by not hiring and managing long-term employees. Despite the savings to companies, there are some negative effects to this surge in technological integration into business communications.
Some studies have shown a decrease in productivity over the long term due to an "always connected" lifestyle fueled by easy access to information.
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Many employees may never actually take a break from the work routine because they are always checking email or status updates on a project through a mobile app, resulting in high levels of stress and increased illness. Additionally, many workers are lacking in proper sleep, less connected with people outside the office and lacking the ability to relate to each other in face-to-face interactions. Elisabeth Natter is a business owner and professional writer. She has done public relations work for several nonprofit organizations and currently creates content for clients of her suburban Philadelphia communications and IT solutions company.
Her writing is often focused on small business issues and best practices for organizations. Her work has appeared in the business sections of bizfluent, azcentral and Happenings Media. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in journalism from Temple University. Skip to main content. Some examples of digital convergence are; 1. Windows The Iphone, Android or other smart phone devices. Google Glass 4.
Effects of Technology on Business Communications
Iwatch 5. Automatic washing machine. There are 5 elements of Technological Convergence which are:  Technology,It is a common for technologies that are viewed as very different to develop similar features with time that blur differences. In , a television and a mobile phone were completely different devices. In recent years, they may have similar features such as the ability to connect to wifi, play rich internet-based media and run apps.
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People may use either their television or phone to play a game or communicate with relatives, using the same software. It is likely that music, movies, video games and informational content will eventually converge to the point that they are no longer distinct formats. For example, future music may always come with an interactive music video that resembles a game. With time, this line has blurred.
Technology tends to move from a large number of highly specific tools towards a small set of flexible tools with broad applications. Communication networks were designed to carry different types of information independently. The older media, such as television and radio, are broadcasting networks with passive audiences. Convergence of telecommunication technology permits the manipulation of all forms of information, voice, data, and video. Telecommunication has changed from a world of scarcity to one of seemingly limitless capacity.
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Consequently, the possibility of audience interactivity morphs the passive audience into an engaged audience. Fixed and mobile operators were, for most of the s, independent companies. Even when the same organization marketed both products, these were sold and serviced independently. In the s an implicit and often explicit assumption was that new media was going to replace the old media and Internet was going to replace broadcasting. In Nicholas Negroponte's Being Digital , Negroponte predicts the collapse of broadcast networks in favor of an era of narrow-casting.
He also suggests that no government regulation can shatter the media conglomerate. Media barons of today will be grasping to hold onto their centralized empires tomorrow The combined forces of technology and human nature will ultimately take a stronger hand in plurality than any laws Congress can invent. George Gilder dismisses such claims saying, [ clarification needed ] "The computer industry is converging with the television industry in the same sense that the automobile converged with the horse, the TV converged with the nickelodeon, the word-processing program converged with the typewriter, the CAD program converged with the drafting board, and digital desktop publishing converged with the Linotype machine and the letterpress.
Media companies put Media Convergence back to their agenda, after the dot-com bubble burst. Erstwhile Knight Ridder promulgated concept of portable magazines, newspaper, and books in At the same time, it inspired some media organizations to explore multimedia delivery of information. This digital convergence of news media, in particular, was called "Mediamorphosis" by researcher Roger Fidler  , in his book by that name. Today, we are surrounded by a multi-level convergent media world where all modes of communication and information are continually reforming to adapt to the enduring demands of technologies, "changing the way we create, consume, learn and interact with each other".
NBIC , an acronym for N anotechnology , B iotechnology , I nformation technology and C ognitive science , was, in , the most popular term for converging technologies.
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It was introduced into public discourse through the publication of Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance , a report sponsored in part by the U. National Science Foundation. Convergent solutions include both fixed-line and mobile technologies. Recent examples of new, convergent services include:. Convergent technologies can integrate the fixed-line with mobile to deliver convergent solutions. Convergent technologies include:. Some media observers expect that we will eventually access all media content through one device, or "black box".
This has caused a number of problems. Firstly, as "black boxes" are invented and abandoned, the individual is left with numerous devices that can perform the same task, rather than one dedicated for each task. For example, one may own both a computer and a video games console, subsequently owning two DVD players. This is contrary to the streamlined goal of the "black box" theory, and instead creates clutter.
This has led to consumers owning technologies with additional functions that are harder, if not impractical, to use rather than one specific device. Many people would only watch the TV for the duration of the meal's cooking time, or whilst in the kitchen, but would not use the microwave as the household TV. These examples show that in many cases technological convergence is unnecessary or unneeded. Furthermore, although consumers primarily use a specialized media device for their needs, other "black box" devices that perform the same task can be used to suit their current situation.
As a Cheskin Research report explained: " Your email needs and expectations are different whether you're at home, work, school, commuting, the airport, etc. They incorporate multimedia services, GPS, Internet access, and mobile telephony into a single device, heralding the rise of what has been termed the "smartphone," a device designed to remove the need to carry multiple devices.
Convergence of media occurs when multiple products come together to form one product with the advantages of all of them, also known as the black box. This idea of one technology, concocted by Henry Jenkins , has become known more as a fallacy because of the inability to actually put all technical pieces into one. For example, while people can have e-mail and Internet on their phone, they still want full computers with Internet and e-mail in addition. Mobile phones are a good example, in that they incorporate digital cameras , mp3 players, voice recorders , and other devices.
This type of convergence is popular. However, convergence has a downside. Particularly in initial forms, converged devices are frequently less functional and reliable than their component parts e. As the number of functions in a single device escalates, the ability of that device to serve its original function decreases. This includes phone companies integrating 3G and 4G on their phones. In the mid 20th century, television converged the technologies of movies and radio, and television is now being converged with the mobile phone industry and the Internet.
Phone calls are also being made with the use of personal computers. Converging technologies combine multiple technologies into one. Newer mobile phones feature cameras, and can hold images, videos, music, and other media. Manufacturers now integrate more advanced features, such as video recording, GPS receivers, data storage, and security mechanisms into the traditional cellphone. The role of the internet has changed from its original use as a communication tool to easier and faster access to information and services, mainly through a broadband connection.
The television, radio and newspapers were the world's media for accessing news and entertainment; now, all three media have converged into one, and people all over the world can read and hear news and other information on the internet.